Why are urban development theories so prevalent?
A series of research papers by two scholars has argued that the concept of urban development has been central to the development of the concept.
In the first paper, published in the Journal of Development Economics, the academics from the University of Amsterdam and the University de Montpellier, examined the origins of urbanism and found that the term emerged around the middle of the 20th century.
“Urbanism is a concept with a long history, which in the 20 th century was already being used in some circles, particularly by politicians and urban planners,” says Prof. Joanna van der Meer, one of the authors.
“This was the era of the New Urbanism, when the idea of a new urbanism was born and the term was being used.”
The second paper, entitled ‘The origins of Urbanism in Amsterdam’ argues that the idea was already used as early as 1780 in the Dutch magazine De Beek.
In this paper, van der Merwe and his colleagues argue that the Dutch urbanists who coined the term “urbanism” were inspired by the Dutch philosopher, Georges Brouwer, who coined a similar term to urbanism in 1819.
“The term ‘urbanism’ was first coined by Brouwers 1819 work Urbanismus in the Netherlands,” says van der Mee, referring to a book published in 1821 by Baudrillard, a prominent French philosopher.
“Brouwer was using the term in reference to the urban fabric of cities, and the urbanization of the city, and this is what we would call the urbanism of the late 19 th century.”
“The Dutch philosopher Georges Beek is considered one of those who started the idea,” van der Maer adds.
In 1829, Brouwe published his book Urbanismum (The Urban) in which he described how urbanism has been defined in relation to the nature of cities and the way they are organized and built.
“He wrote about the way urban areas are structured in cities, in the sense that the building is in place on the landscape, the building itself is a building, and there is a social network and the infrastructure is built on the urban area,” van den Meer says.
“I think that he is really the first who brought the concept to the attention of people in a big way.”
The authors argue that Beek was referring to the relationship between urban planning and the nature and nature of the human being, a concept that was not developed in the 19th century by the political or social philosophers who came after him.
“What he [Brouwe] was talking about is how people and the environment are related to each other in the city,” van Der Meer explains.
“In the 20 years since, we have developed a lot of theories of how cities function.
And it’s really hard to come up with a theory that has been used to explain how cities work.”
In his book, Baudellot, who was a professor of geography at the University.
and urban planner in the 1870s, described the relationship of the physical shape of the urban landscape to the functioning of the ecosystem.
Baudellots theory, which was also based on geometrical relationships, proposed that the shape of a city would be defined by its architecture and how its urban landscape was designed.
“And that’s the reason why there is such a strong connection between geometrics and the architecture of the landscape,” van da Meer adds, explaining that Baudells geometries were based on the geometra of nature, the shapes of which were derived from geologic formations.
“You can have an idea of the geology of a landscape that you can trace back to a certain type of geologic formation, but it is always the shape and the structure of the environment that you are looking at,” van d Maer says, noting that Brous geometria were based off of natural features.
“If you are talking about the geologic processes that are being generated, you can be sure that the geologists are going to give you a good idea of how the landscape works,” van de Maer concludes.
The authors suggest that this is also why, despite being in the early 20th-century, urban development theory has not gained much traction among political theorists in recent years.
“There’s still no political philosophy around that would talk about the geography of the whole urban space,” van Den Meer observes.
“We need a theory, a theory of how to define the whole area, a geology theory of the entire city.”
For Van der Meers research, she was able to find three Dutch academic papers that provide more concrete evidence that the theory has become widespread in the field.
In one, van den Maer and her colleagues argue for a more holistic approach to understanding urban development.
“A more holistic view of urban and local development in Europe could provide a